What child has not dreamt of being a pirate? The adventures of Captain Jack Sparrow and his crew of the “Black Pearl” trilogy “Pirates of the Caribbean” have a strong base of fans around the world! In this early twenty-first century, pirates are doing well, thanks for asking. They are actually doing quite well, under the circumstances: In 2005 alone, 205 acts of piracy and brigandage (vs. less than 90 in 1994) were officially registered on all oceans. A figure well below reality, according to their victims: it is estimated that over 30% of attacks are never reported. Small fishermen do not know where to turn. For the large shipping companies, they prefer to remain discreet by not having their insurance premiums increase and not to frighten their shareholders. Yet, surprisingly, International (maritime) law is very strict and precise on the matter. Piracy concerns attacks taking place in the high seas or outside the jurisdiction of any State. In territorial waters, it’s called acts of robbery. Also, it prohibits anybody from entering any national waters (12 nautical miles or 22.224 kilometers) of a State without its authorization, even to rescue a ship in distress. To pursue Somali pirates, westerner’s ships are therefore required each time to solicit the green light from neighboring states, say for example… the Somali state. But Somalia has had no central government since the fall of its last dictator, General Siad Barre, in 1991. The northern region of Somaliland unilaterally declared itself independent in 1997 and Puntland, further east, did likewise in 1998. In the rest of the country, slightly more than half of Somali territory, the law of the strongest rules: the warlords or Islamic preachers. In 2000, a seeming return to normalcy emerged, with the formation of a transitional Somali government. A government that, for security reasons, still can not settle in his own capital Mogadishu and is based in Nairobi, Kenya. Pirates often complain that the Somali people are themselves robbed of their fisheries, by international companies they can’t compete with. They consider their acts a just retaliation of « David against Goliath. » Digging deeper, we ask: whether it’s indeed piracy or just robbery, is it not simply the result of a country falling apart, thanks to the hardships of a predatory world economy? Or is it just a means of financing domestic conflicts? Or even both? The choice for hundreds of young Somali pirates to take this path is definitely one made in a political landscape that reminds us of a suicidal act. In the following, we will argue that piracy, a little like suicide – or rather attempted suicide – masterfully studied by sociologist Emile Durkheim is actually a desperate cry for help.