Vampires and vampirism: pathological roots of a myth

Many cultures have developed myths and legends about vampires and hematofages with different features and behaviours. These tales have many common
elements, as the dualism between “life” and “death”. According to some anthropogical currents, these symbols don’t come up from nothing, but follow a process of transformation drawing elements from real experience, which are intersected in the cultural tissue and are transformed depending on the message they are meant to spread.
Vampires include several characteristics referable to those illnesses and diseases which have mostly marked human history, both from the psychological and the physical point of view.