Psycho-Social Aspects of AIDS as a Chronic Illness: Social Worker Role Perspective

Illness is an inevitable fact of human life. Man does not live in a vacuum. Therefore, like all other events of his life, illness is influenced by socio-cultural as well as biological factors. Illness refers to biological, psychological or social conditions that are often understandable in a social or cultural context. According to Kleinman (1988) “illness refers to how the sick person and the members of the family or wider social network perceive, live with and respond to symptoms and disability.” Disease, on the other hand, is the problem from a practitioner’s perspective. In the biomedical model, disease refers to an alteration in biological structure or functioning.