Socio-Cultural Factors Affecting Family Size between Muslim and Santal Communities in Rural Bangladesh

Family size in a particular society depends on marriage, family composition and adoption norms. It also depends upon modes of production, technological and socio-cultural forces. First purpose of this paper was to describe and compare family size (as a dependent variable) and socio-cultural factor (as an independent variable) between Muslim and Santal communities in rural Bangladesh. Second purpose of the paper was to examine how socio-cultural factors influence family size between the communities in rural Bangladesh. In so doing, 70 couples from Muslim and 30 couples from Santal communities from Kalna village, Tanore Upazila, Rajshahi, Bangladesh were randomly selected. Based on structural questionnaire method, including interview technique our descriptive findings, especially percentages suggested that family size, including usual family size, ideal family size, actual family size, expected family size, adoption practice was different between the two communities in the study area. In addition, results of regression analysis showed that socio-cultural factors, especially family, marriage, socio-economic status, and personal characteristics of the couples were affecting family size between the two communities in rural Bangladesh. The findings may be implied in social policy to change in family size in association with socio-cultural situations of the Muslim and Santal couples in rural Bangladesh.