Awareness of Safe Motherhood Patterns. A Cross-Cultural Comparison between Muslim and Horizon Communities in Rajshahi Metropolitan City of Bangladesh

Safe motherhood is one of the very important elements of human, economic and social investment. The awareness of safe motherhood enhances human being to get proper mother and child healthcare facilities all over the world. In Bangladesh health is one of the main fundamental rights of every citizen, which is ensured by the constitution. The present study, the author tried to find out awareness of safe motherhood patterns between the two communities (Muslim and Horizon). The purpose of the study was to examine and compare how awareness of safe motherhood influences on mother and child healthcare outcomes between Muslim and Horizon communities. In this study, total number of 275 (150 for Muslim and 125 for Horizon) participants were interviewed by the author during April to July, 2013 in the Rajshahi Metropolitan City of Bangladesh. The simple random sampling technique was applied when sample size selected. Various statistical techniques were used during analyzed data with SPSS software in version 15. The present study showed that awareness of safe motherhood knowledge was greatly influence over the mother and child healthcare outcomes. The author found that Muslim community dominated the minor community (Horizon) in the various sphere of life. Most of the participants studied up to primary level which was 45.09%. 83.46% participants seemed that awareness of safe motherhood knowledge positively enhanced to get healthy mother and child life style. 49.10% participants seemed that communal destitution is existed to get educational attainment and take healthcare facilities. 87.28% participants argued that they were concern either permanent or temporary family planning methods. 79.35% participants showed their opinion that awareness of safe motherhood knowledge made conscious about pregnancy periodical diseases, how and where to take diagnosis and treatment of their suffering diseases. 83.23% participants expressed their fillings that awareness of safe motherhood and educational knowledge enhances to get better mother and child healthcare facilities and lead their better healthier life.