Post-Colonialism: The So-Called Malaise Creole in Mauritius

Mauritius is a former French and British colony in the Indian Ocean. Now, this island has become a multicultural and multi-ethnic society due to several waves of immigration from Europe, Africa and Asia, all through the past three centuries. Each wave of immigration brought in new people along with their cultures, religions and languages. Nevertheless, not all the migrants settled in Mauritius of their own accord. Some were slaves; some came as free workers and others as colonisers. Today, in Mauritius, the differences in the arrival of modern Mauritians’ ancestors are still felt like balls and chains for some communities, or else some sub-communities. Colonisers came to Mauritius bringing in slaves, hence starting imperialism, or in other words, colonialism, to qualify the domination of so-called strong people over so- called weaker people. That situation paved the way for the foundation of Mauritius. Without colonisation and colonialism, Mauritius might not have existed as it is today. However, the modern multi-ethnic Mauritius has not yet overcome the consequences linked to colonialism because an invisible ethnic group named Creole is now facing what is referred to as the malaise creole. This condition might be the fact that: The oppressed will always believe the worst about themselves, as Frantz Fanon put it. Indeed, a lot of modern Creoles, but not all of them, have slaves’ ancestors. However, this malaise, linked to one ethnic group, might as well be the malaise of an entire population.