The Traditional Ecological Knowledge of Soliga Tribe on Eradication of Lantana Camara and their Livelihood

The Lantana camara weed is wildly spreading in Biligiri Rangaswamy Temple Wildlife Sanctuary and it has made a negative impact on animals and plant species, because these animals are facing food insecurity. The Soliga tribals livelihood depends on the forest for Non–timber forest products and the daily consumption of items like tubers, leaves, fruits, mushrooms etc. lantana weed can be controlled through removing the lantana weed in the same places of the forest for a minimum of five years and they observed that native species are growing back where the lantana was removed. It helps both, the biodiversity conservation as well as the livelihood of the Soligas. The Lantana camara can be removed under the scheme of the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act.