Compendio e riesame delle indagini di superficie di un nuovo insediamento nella Puglia centroccidentale: Murgia e Grotta San Pellegrino (Laterza – Taranto)

The article summarizes the results of published surveys about the archaeological material found on the surface outside San Pellegrino Cave, Taranto-Apulia, inhabited from the middle and upper Palaeolithic, through the Imperial Roman Age. A quite good lithic industry and large pottery sherds show that the documented materials date as far back as the Neolithic. Outside a gap along one of the canal slopes, a calcareous slab engraved and decorated with ochre was discovered and it is supposed to belong to a chthonian prehistoric place of worship. Careful surveys on about 1,80 km2, led to the documentation of the raw material used by prehistoric man, composed mainly of jasper matrix from the Apennines, in the form of pebbles from alluvial deposits scattered within a radius of 1 km, torn off from the Conglomerates of Irsina. The studied artefacts consist of partially and fully worked cores, chips and tools with polished surfaces, belonging to the lower, middle and upper Palaeolithic. The working areas have been identified thanks to the new-looking artefacts including Levallois cores, discoids, SSDA and blades. Remarkable are the choppers and double face tools (probably lower Palaeolithic). The cave doesn’t show any human presence before the Neanderthalians.