Funzionalità e habitus nell’uso e nel passaggio dall’atlatl all’arco nel Nord America precolombiano

The transition from the atlatl to the bow and arrow in North America has not been so “sudden” as once proposed by Utilitarian Determinism. The two weapons coexisted for a long time as carriers of different social needs or “habitus”, as in Bourdieu. These results are consistent with archaeological finds, a classification following different and more precise criteria of dart and arrow points, a greater interaction between archeology, ethnography and anthropology. Moreover, in some complex societies such as the Mesoamerican ones the atlatl as a weapon remained dominant until the Conquest.