Ebola e magia. Rappresentazioni sociali della febbre emorragica in Africa

While the disease forces to rethink both the individual and the community, it also involves identity theories and practices to contrast it. Yet, some diseases such as the outbreaks of Ebola in Africa can destroy everyday social codes and prevent treatment. This article highlights the relations between Ebola and magic / witchcraft in various African communities in Gabon, Uganda, Congo and Sierra Leone since 1997, and shows how these representations are simply the first step in the interpretation of the disease, followed by its politicization, within colonial and post-colonial remembering, as well as by the survivors’ and caregivers’ stigma.