New studies on human skeletal remains from the ancient Herdonia (southeast Italy). Evidences of tuberculosis and brucellosis: two diseases connected with farm animals

In Spring of 2015 the collections of the Museum of Anthropology, University of Padua, have been transferred in a single location – Palazzo Cavalli – after many decades of alternate events. Here it is intended to reach a rapid conclusion of the cataloguing, studying and valorisation of the entire osteoarchaeological collection. The copious collection (currently it is esteemed that its numerical consistency is around thirty thousand finds) has an undeniable scientific value and it is largely unknown.The finds come from archaeological excavations, different in chronology and geographic sites. The project started with the systematic cataloguing, in order to evaluate the antiquity, the origin of the human osteological finds and re-examine them with the current anthropological methodologies.This paper reports the study of the human skeletal remains found during the archaeological campaigns carried out in 1978 and 1981 at Herdonia (southeast Italy) and reveals new unexpected palaeopathological evidences.