A Comparative Study of Nutritional Status among the Eastern Indian Type 2 Diabetes and Diabetic Nephropathy Patient Population of West Bengal

To examine the association between nutritional status and type 2 diabetes disease phenotype in Eastern Indian patients’ population of West Bengal. Methods: Present study cover 718 participants, out of which 168 type 2 diabetic nephropathy patients on hemodialysis (T2DNH), 246 type 2 diabetes patients without nephropathy (T2DM) and compare with 304 unrelated healthy controls (CON).Participants are born in Bengalee family at Kolkata and surrounding area. Data were analyzed by the use of ANOVA and Post Hoc tests to explore the inter and intra group differences. Results: The type 2 diabetic (T2DM) and diabetic nephropathy (T2DNH) patients are relatively shorter ( P for trend < 0.01) while Controls are taller ( P < 0.01) and heavier ( P < 0.01) than patients groups. The T2DNH patients have higher readings of systolic and diastolic blood pressure compared to T2DM patients and Controls ( P < 0.01). The basal metabolic rate also differs significantly between the study groups recording relatively higher mean value among Controls ( P < 0.01). As expected glucose level is significantly higher in T2DM groups ( P < 0.01). Comparatively higher percentages (14.29 %) of participants are found to be underweight among the type 2 diabetic nephropathy patients group. Conclusion: This study directly shows a positive association between short stature with type 2 diabetes and diabetic nephropathy diseased groups of the Eastern Indian population of West Bengal.