Ethnic Community Variation in Oversize Families in Bangladesh: 1971-2011

Ethnic community variations in oversize families affect not only ethnic family and community life but also influence national development and social welfare functions in Bangladesh. Based on optimum population theory the government of Bangladesh has adepte two-child (either male or female) family size policy. To achieve this goal mentioned in the policy family planning and contraceptive services have been providing to the eligible couplet since 1971. But data collected over the 1974-2011 census periods reveal that although average – oversize families are gradually shifting into smaller ones, the average family size of majority ethnic Muslim community over the census periods is higher than that in the other religious ethnic groups (e.g., Hindu, Christian Budhist). Using census 1974-2011 data this seminal paper describes ethnic community variations and changes in over-family size in Bangladesh. Based on the description new social policy-programs and social workers’ role across the individual, group, and community level are discussed to achieve optimum family size for meeting human needs and healthy ethnic family adaptation in Bangladesh.