A Study on Dermatoglyphic Patterns Among The Healthy and Hypertensive Bengali Population of Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Dermatoglyphics is the analysis of fingerprints as a genetic marker used in disease prognosis and diagnosis. The present study is an endeavor to apprehend the relationship between palmar dermatoglyphics and the incidence of hypertension. The dermatoglyphic analysis was carried out among (81 hypertensives and 82 normal controls) of both sexes, using the black ink method. The hypertensive males had significantly (p<0.01) higher incidence of whorls and low frequency of ulnar loops (left hand, right hand and both hands) when compared with their normal control groups. Consequently, when the hypertensives (sex combined) were in comparison with the normal control group, the frequency of whorls was significantly high (p<0.01). A significant difference (p<0.01) in the mean values (males) of AFRC and PII was noted between the hypertensives and the normal controls. Nevertheless there was no significant difference in the mean values of TFRC, “atd” angles and MLI. Therefore, dermatoglyphics can be considered as a simple, non-invasive and inexpensive technique which can be used as a screening tool for the prognosis of the disease, hypertension for the early identification and determination of the disease.