Formazione e idealizzazione di tesi assiomatiche in ambito scientifico. Il caso di Licini Forum

The study examines the attempts to identify the settlement of the Orobi tribe, called Licini Forum in a passage of Pliny’s Naturalis Historia, based on a lost text by Cato. The opinions of the scholars, since Sixteenth century up to contemporary age, are summarized. Finally, a new interpretation is proposed, founded on the assumption of an error in the manuscript tradition between Cato and Plinius. The dynamics emerging from this case study are common in several areas of scientific knowledge.