Prevalence of Anaemia and its association with socio-demographic factors among the Pnar women of Jowai Town, West Jaintia Hills District, Meghalaya, India

Anaemia is the most common and widespread nutritional deficiency disorder in the world, especially among women in developing countries. In the present study an attempt has been made to assess the prevalence of anaemia among the Pnar women of Jowai town and the socio-demographic factors associated with it. The data were collected from 719 married women of the reproductive age group (15-49 years) from Jowai town by following internationally accepted standards. Anaemia was present in 46.59% women, of which 36.86%, 8.90% and 0.83% were mild, moderate and severe, respectively. The findings of the present study further reveal that the prevalence of anaemia was higher among younger women, women with a higher number of live births, pregnant women, a lower number of ANC visits, a low educational level and those belonging to a low income group. Logistic regression analyses shows that socio-demographic factors like number of live births, pregnancy status, number of ANC visits, self reported morbidity, education of both mother and father, and household income, are significantly (p<0.05) associated with the prevalence of anaemia in the present population.