The Pisai: A study on the Village Administration among the Tiwa

The study of village administration as a part of traditional institutions has attracted the attention of policymakers, researchers and social scientists. It may be difficult to define and categorize traditional institutions into social, cultural, political and economic institutions since tradition in any given society is a composite whole. As a passive process, traditions stand for time-honoured customs and respected beliefs. It is seen as an ideal type construct and a stultifying force that engendered and enforced cultural homogeneity. This paper discussed the traditional Tiwa village administration and looks into the continuity of age-old custom and manners. It gives a brief descriptive account of the village administration and the role played by the pisai or the council of village elders in the management of the affairs of the village. This paper is primarily based on colonial and contemporary writings and field studies carried out during 2017-2018.