The risk of T2DM with Alcohol consumption, Smoking, Hypertension and Family History of Hypertension: A Study on Bengalee Hindu Caste Population

The risk of T2DM has been proliferated with help of modifiable (smoking, alcohol consumption) and non-modifiable (hypertension, family history of hypertension) risk factors. The magnitude of risk varied in different populations. The present study was conducted to understand the association between T2DM with smoking, alcohol consumption, hypertension and family history of hypertension among the Bengalee Hindu caste population. The present study consisted of 104 clinically diagnosed Type 2 diabetes mellitus male patients (age range-23-80 years) and 176 apparently healthy males (age range 18-79 years) denoted as the control group from an endogamous linguistic group (Bengalee Hindu caste population). Purposive sampling method was used to collect the data. Data on alcohol consumption, smoking habit, hypertension and family history of hypertension have been collected by pretested prepared schedule. Statistical analysis was performed in appropriate places using (IBM SPSS-25) software. No significant differences were observed in alcohol consumption and smoking habits between T2DM patients and the control group. However, significant differences (p=0.01) were observed in hypertension and family history of hypertension between T2DM patients and the control group. Hypertensive individuals ran a 2.583 times greater risk [OR=2.583 (1.570-4.250) associated with T2DM than normotensive individuals. Similarly, individuals with a family history of hypertension ran a 2.495 times greater risk [OR=2.495 (1.439-4.325) p=0.01], associated with T2DM than individuals without a family history of hypertension. These non-modifiable factors might enhance an additional risk for T2DM and create a health burden in that population.