Anthropometric traits, Body Composition and Physical Fitness Index: A Micro Level Study Among College Students of Haldia, Purba Medinipur, West Bengal

Anthropometric traits, body composition and physical fitness are considered as important indicators of health and generally executed in different sports to achieve the goal. In view, the objectives of the present study are to evaluate anthropometric characteristics, body composition components and physical fitness index (PFI) of the young college students, to assess nutritional status, and also to find out relationship between anthropometric traits, body composition and PFI of the participants of Haldia, Purba Medinipur, West Bengal. Present cross-sectional study was conducted among 42 college students including 18 College level footballers and 24 non-sports persons. Different anthropometric and body composition traits were measured following standard methods and instruments. Body Mass Index (BMI) was used to assess nutritional status of the study participants. PFI was measured by Harvard Step Test (HST). Descriptive statistics, t-statistics and correlation were used to analyze the data. BMI values indicate that the majority of the footballers were normal weight, while higher percentages of non-sports persons were underweight and overweight. Significantly lower mean values were observed among footballers in anthropometric traits like skinfold thicknesses; bi-iliac diameter; total fat and regional fat percentages than non-sports persons. However, PFI performance was ‘poor’ for both footballers and non-sports persons. PFI shows significant correlation with different anthropometric and body composition traits among non-sports persons, while sports persons show significant correlation between different anthropometric and body composition traits. The study shows the trend that footballers possess better health traits than non-sports persons but footballers have scope for improvement in PFI values.