Infant mortality is known to be one of the most sensitive and commonly used indicators for determining the socio-economic development of a country and therefore indirectly points towards the maternal child health. In this paper a cross-sectional survey of 100 mothers (age 15-49 years) was done to determine the socio-demographic factors affecting them and hence their infants’ survival in rural Bundelkhand region of U.P. The paper focused on educational status of mother, her socio-economic status, knowledge on childcare practices, family income and influence of distance of healthcare centres from the place of living. Among all the determinants of infant mortality selected in the model study, education of the mother and the socio-economic status (including sanitation and clean drinking water) of her household played an important role in determining the survival status of the infant.