Family and Marriage among the Tai Khamti of Arunachal Pradesh: A Study on Social Changes and Continuity

The North-Eastern region of the Indian sub-continent marks the amalgamation of populations and cultures belonging to different ethnic communities that reflect location-specific distinct ways of life but, tend to co-exist peacefully preserving their unique traditions. The state of Arunachal Pradesh shelters a total of twenty-six major tribes and around a hundred sub-tribes, each one of them reflecting a unique cultural tradition. Although most of these tribes inhabit the rural areas of the state devoid of many modern facilities, yet the growing need for better employment, the urge for improving socio-economic conditions has led to migration either temporary or permanent to the urban centres and over years contributed to the loosening of the traditional culture structure. The spread of modern education also bears an impact on the traditional values and beliefs among these tribes. With this in consideration, the present study aims to understand the nature of changes in the institution of marriage and family of the Tai Khamti tribe of Arunachal Pradesh. This study highlights the ongoing process of urbanisation, acculturation, and modernisation among the tribe which has affected their core institutions over years.