Tourism in Arunachal Pradesh: Evolution of Tourism Area and its Effects on the Guest-Host Interactions

Arunachal Pradesh is a land-locked frontier state of India. It lacks a robust industry and is deficient in infrastructure and other amenities. One of the ways mooted by the state government and entrepreneurs to overcome this challenge was to give an impetus to the tourism sector in the state. It is physically non-invasive unlike other traditional industries and blends in comfortably with the natural and cultural features of the local people. Many clusters of destinations were chosen all over the state to implement tourism policies. Yet, only three of them, namely- Tawang, Ziro and Menchukha has managed to attract and retain some tourists and tourism-based economy. The present paper is based on fieldwork done in the three sites. It seeks to analyse the guest-host interactions and understand how the stage of the tourism industry according to the Butler’s Tourist Area Cycle of Evolution affects the behaviour of both. And also, how it in turn affects the kind of tourism growing in the three sites.