Use of mid-upper arm circumference and arm-to-height ratio to estimate overweight and obesity among girls aged 5-14 years

Overweight and obesity are major public health concerns that have plagued individuals worldwide pertaining to all age groups. The occurrence of this issue has been skyrocketing among children and adolescents since last few decades. Anthropometric indices such as body mass index (BMI) have always proved to be one of the best parameters in estimating overweight and obesity. However, alternatives such as mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) and arm-to-height ratio (AHtR) have recently been observed to yield as potential tools in estimating overweight and obesity especially among children and adolescents. The current paper presented a cross-sectional study among Bengali Hindu Caste Population (BHCP) school-aged girls (5-14 years). Height, weight and MUAC were measured. BMI and AHtR were subsequently calculated. The presence of overweight and obese subjects was evaluated according to World Health Organization (WHO) 2007 population references of 5-19 years. Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was conducted to check the validity of MUAC and AHtR in determining overweight and obesity among age-groups (5-9 years and 10-14 years). The findings suggest that MUAC and AHtR have potential of proxy measure of overweight (including obesity) among the subjects.