Double Burden of Malnutrition in the Same Households

The coexistence of dual form of malnutrition in terms of mother over-nutrition and child undernutrition might be a major public health issue in developing countries like India due to rapid nutritional transition and life style change. This study was conducted in order to assess the prevalence of dual form of malnutrition of mother-child pairs in the same household among the Bengali slum dwellers in West Bengal, India. Altogether 130 households were identified by considering specific inclusion and exclusion criteria and random sampling. Socio-economic data was collected by using pre-tested questionnaire. The prevalence of overweight mother and stunted child pairs (OM/SC) was 12.31%, whereas the prevalence of normal weight mother and normal weight child pairs (NM/NC) was 25.38%. Socio-economically, normal weight mothers were higher percentage of literacy compare to overweight mothers but most of them were housewives and low household monthly income families. In contrary, over weight mother had higher household monthly income and expenditure although their literacy rate was low and they mostly engaged as housemaid. To understand the patterns and associations of double burden of malnutrition within the same household further investigations with large sample size along with dietary pattern and physical activity level are necessary.