Index of Anthropometric Failure among 2-5 years Anganwadi Children of Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh, India

Background: Nutritional status of children is of paramount interest of all health surveys world-wide. Anthropometry is an important parameter for assessing nutritional status of children of growing age. Severe and acute undernutrition can be easily assessed using anthropometry. Objective: To assess the nutritional status using Composite Index of Anthropometric Failure (CIAF) among 2-5 years of anagwadi children of Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh. Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 502 children (268 boys and 234 girls) aged 2-5 years from 30 anganwadi centers in Bilaspur District, Chhattisgarh. Data were collected after obtaining verbal consent from the parents of children prior to commencement of measurement. The statistically significant value was considered at P < 0.05.Results: The result shows that the Overall 42.30 % of the children (boys: 45.9%; girls: 41.5%) reported no anthropometric failure (Group A). And 56.17% shows anthropometric failure (Group B-Y). Similarly, more girls (58.5 %) than their counterpart (54.1 %) are undernourished. The sex combined mean difference in weight and height was observed statistically significant at (p< 0.001) level. Conclusions: The result shows that the children under study are in critical situation with respect to their nutritional status. And CIAF has capacity to improve the efficiency of the various ongoing nutritional intervention programs by identifying the single or double or multiple failure groups. Therefore, the CIAF for become essential to introducing the nutritional intervention program in the community based population.