Indigenous Form of Terrace Cultivation among the Mao Nagas

The interesting question of mankind is the ascertainment of the place which man occupies on earth. In order to survive, man has to co-exist with nature and culture. They depend on nature for everything from food to shelter. However, nature does not in itself specify how resources are to be exploited or to what degree of intensity, that is for man to decide. Thus, the interaction with nature by man has varied depending upon their adaptation potentiality and the availability of resources. This paper deals with the indigenous form of terrace cultivation by the Mao Nagas as the important means of adaptation for their livelihood. The paper also highlights how the indigenous form of terrace cultivation is tied to their socio-cultural life apart from providing food requirement for their living. Data for this study are collected through anthropological techniques like participant observation, interview, focused group discussion and case studies.