Knowledge and Practice of Family Planning: A Study among two less known Tribes Singphos and Wanchos of Arunachal Pradesh, India

Family planning plays a pivotal role in population control, poverty reduction and human development. There is a great need and necessity for family planning, particularly among the developing countries like India because of the massive population explosion. This paper reports the knowledge and practice of family planning in the two tribal communities of Arunachal Pradesh viz. Singphos and Wanchos. Data were collected using a pretested structured questionnaire containing questions on reproductive history, knowledge and use of contraceptives.  It is found that only 76.2% Singpho women have the knowledge of family planning which is higher than that of the Wanchos (50.6%). Interestingly, no male Wanchos are found to go for sterilization. Like the Singphos, quite a good number of the Wancho women use oral pill and condom up to 35-39 years. IUCD is used by them in 25-29 years to 35-39 years. A good 92.8% Singpho women of the age of 50 years and above have their knowledge of family planning. The number of users is found to increase with the increase of age. The practice of family planning measures is found to be more popular among the Singphos than the Wanchos. Lack of knowledge regarding family planning is the ultimate reason for its less practice.