Nutritional status of lactating mothers: a study among the Ahom women of Lakhimpur District, Assam

Women are generally susceptible to under-nutrition, especially during pregnancy and lactation period. Effective pregnancy and lactation require changes in the body for the proper functioning of various physiological systems. As such, the nutrient requirement of the body increases during these periods. Poor health and nutritional insufficiency in mothers’ during these periods will lead to poor secretion of nutrients in the breast milk, and this may have long-term detrimental impact on the child’s health. During the lactation period, the nutritional and health status of the newborn child depends on the mother. Hence, health and nutritional status of the mother during this period becomes all the more essential. In the present study, an attempt has been made to assess the health and nutritional status among the Ahom lactating women of Lakhimpur District, Assam.