Prevalence of Undernutrition Based on Thinness among Birhors of Korba District, Chhattisgarh, India

The rising/ escalating problem of malnutrition, commonly envisioned as double burden due to increasing rate of both under-nutrition and obesity in third world including country like India in which high prevalence of undernutrition, which is assess by thinness more precisely. Thus, the present study aims to assess the prevalence of under nutrition among Birhor tribe of three villages of Korba district, Chhattisgarh, India. The data was collected from each available individual of the households of the villages on the day of investigation. The social and demographic profile was personally collected by interviewing them and the anthropometric measurement (height, weight, BMI and MUAC) was taken using standard procedures. All the statistical analysis was analysed in the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 16.0. The t-test and Chi-square/Fisher Exact test were used to see the difference in anthropometric measurement and undernutrition of males and females. The study revealed that sex combined prevalence of thinness was found higher among children (86.6%), elderly (70%) and adult (58.2%) population than normal. The over-all age and sex combined prevalence of undernutrition is 64.2 % (of which 21.1% were came under grade III thinness, 10.1% were fall within grade II thinness and 33% were in grade I thinness) and 35.8% were normal. No statistically significant sexual difference (χ2 =0.86, df = 3, P>0.05) was found among them. The high prevalence of undernutrition shows their critical nutritional situation.