A Study on the Distribution of Health Complications among the Endosulfan Pesticide Affected Victims of Karnataka

The world has faced numerous severe harmful and deadly disasters for several decades. These are hazardous and destructive chemical substances that resulted in severe complications and damage to humans, animals, and the environment. Before the ban on it by the Supreme Court of India, Endosulfan was extensively used as a major pesticide in the agricultural and allied sectors as an insecticide to control the harmful insects and mites in agricultural fields. Endosulfan has been extensively sprayed in the government-owned cashew plantations of Dakshina Kannada, Udupi, and Karwar districts by Karnataka Cashew Development Corporation Ltd., Karnataka for almost two decades. In April 2011 the Stockholm Convention recommended the global ban on the manufacture and use of Endosulfan. WHO categorizes Endosulfan as a moderately hazardous chemical substance and it was banned due to adverse impacts and complications triggered on the health of humans, animals, and the environment. All over the world, several studies have established a connection between aerial spraying of Endosulfan pesticides and the growing health complications and disorders in human populations from toxic exposure. The present study aims to know the nature and prevalence of disabilities and health complications among the Endosulfan affected victims in the selected villages of Karnataka state, India.