Ageing among the Tiwas: A Study of their Socio-Economic Condition

Ageing is a natural process which affects every individual and society as well. Old age is characterised by economic insecurity, ill health, loneliness and physical and mental powers. The present study is an attempt to study the socio-economic condition of the ageing Tiwa population living in Morigaon district of Assam. The sample of the study consists of 248 males and 247 females in the age group of 50 years and above. The study looks into the age – sex composition of the ageing Tiwas, their educational, occupational and marital status, their living arrangement and attempts to assess their economic condition from their family income. The ageing Tiwas are educationally and economically backward. Their main occupation is agriculture and they continue to work as long as it is possible for them. Women are predominantly housewives. A look into their marital status, reveal that more women (43.32%) than men (20.56%) no longer have a surviving spouse. Joint family is the most prevalent type of family and only a very small proportion of elderly couples (4.24%) live without any other adult family members.