Assessment of Nutritional Status using CIAF Among 2 to 5 Years Preschoolers of Raigarh, Chhattisgarh

Undernutrition is still one of the alarming problems of preschool children, particularly in developing countries that enhance the chances of morbidity and mortality in children. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 100 children (50 boys and 50 girls) and data were collected through house-to-house visits during day time using prepared structured schedule. Data were collected after obtaining consent from the parents of children prior to commencement of data collection. The statistically significant value was considered at P < 0.05. The result shows significant mean differences between different ages for height (F = 21.903; p < 0.000) and weight (F = 9.267; p < 0.001). A total of (58.0%) of the boys and (78.0%) of the girls are suffering from, stunting, underweight or wasting. An overall 68.0% of studied children are suffering from undernutrition. An overall (42.0%) boy and (42.0%) girls are affected with CIAF (category B-Y). There was no significant age difference (χ2 = 2.9; df =5) between no failure (A) and CIAF (B-Y). Present study children are in serious to critical (42.0%) condition with respect to one or more nutritional status indices. Thus, we can say that CIAF gives a better estimate of nutritional status as compared to the conventional indices; it can identify more children with multiple anthropometric failures; and reflects a wider view of the degree and outline of undernutrition among underprivileged areas.