Composite Index of Anthropometric Failure among Below Five Children of Korba Block, Chhattisgarh, India

India ranked 101 among 116 countries in Global Hunger Index (GHI) and India is one among the nations where hunger is notified as ‘serious’. Malnutrition is a major social or public issue in developing countries like India also known as “silent emergency”. So, the present study aims to assess the nutritional status by composite index of anthropometric failure among below five children of Korba block, Chhattisgarh, India and compare with other indices i.e. weight-for-age (underweight), height-for-age (stunting), and weight-for-height (wasting). A cross-sectional study was conducted among 182 (90 male and 92 female) below five children in anganwadi centres of four villages purposively. Prior consent was taken from parents and anganwadi worker before commencing anthropometric measurement. The prevalence of stunting (40.1%) was found higher among these children than underweight (24.2%) and wasting (11%). Comparatively the composite index of anthropometric failure assessed more children as undernourished (51.6%) than other indices. Male were more affected than female children. CIAF showed critical nutritional situation among studied children. The population required special attention for better care and nutritional health assessment.