Determinants of overweight/obesity among adult Tamang males and females of the Pakyong sub-division of East Sikkim, North-East India

The prevalence of overweight and obesity is becoming a global epidemic health problem. It is rapidly increasing in both developed and developing countries. Excess weight is associated with an increased risk of death resulting in around 2.8 million deaths of adults globally every year. Data for the present study was collected through random sampling method from adult Tamang males (84 participants) and females (102 participants) of the Pakyong sub-division of East Sikkim, North-East India. Data on height, weight, socio-economic conditions, lifestyles etc. were collected for the present study. The prevalence of overweight and obesity has been evaluated by using Asian cut-off points given by the World Health Organization. The result shows that 32.09 percent and 42.16 percent of adult males and females were overweight/obesity respectively. The prevalence of overweight/obesity was higher among the high-income group (males-66.67% and females-91.30%) and who attained secondary education (males-43.75% and females-44.44%). The frequency of overweight/obesity was significantly higher in both males (47.05%) and females (60.93%) who eat non-vegetables 3-4 times per week. Certain socio-economic factors such as family income, occupation, physical activities and dietary habits play an important role in determining the prevalence of overweight/obesity in the study population.