Growth pattern and Nutritional Status among the Male Nyishi Adolescents of Doimuk, Papum Pare District, Arunachal Pradesh

The study was based on a cross-sectional study on 125 Nyishi boys aged 10 to 18 years collected from households and schools. The study aims to assess the growth pattern of male Nyishi adolescents with reference to CDC and ICMR and evaluate the grade of malnutrition using the systematic classification of Waterlow (1972) and Gomez (1956). Anthropometric variables: Height and Weight were collected from each participant. Descriptive statistics were employed to analyse the collected data. The study shows that the growth patterns of Nyishi boys were different from the data of CDC and ICMR. Growth declines at 11 age group and gradually increases from 12 years onward. The nutritional status of the Nyishi boys was slightly undernourished: 46.4% are underweight (low Body Mass Index for age), 10.4% are stunted (low height for age), and 21.6% are malnourished (low weight for age). Comparative analysis of the nutritional status of the Nyishi with other populations of North-east India shows that the Nyishi have the highest number of underweight with 46.4%, followed by Ao with 31.44%. While, Pnar has the highest malnourished (low weight for age) and stunted with 47.23% and 53.72%, respectively. The present study highlights the concerns of undernourishment among Nyishi adolescent boys, which is one of the important health issues among the tribal population of India. Nutritional awareness and intervention at the community level would be ideal for reducing such malnutrition.