Prevalence of undernutrition among the Bodo boys (3-9 years) of Kokrajhar District, Assam, North-East India

Child undernutrition (stunting and wasting) has been a serious global public health problem for the past many decades, especially in developing countries. The present study was carried out among 245 Bodo boys of 3-9 years residing under the Kachugaon Block of Gossaigaon Sub-division of Kokrajhar District, Assam in order to assess the prevalence of undernutrition among the Bodo boys. In each selected village an attempt was made to include in the sample all those children who were willing to cooperate in order to get enough sample size. Structured schedules were used to collect information about socio-economic and demographic parameters. Anthropometric measurements were obtained according to the standard techniques. Socio-economic status was classified based on modified Kuppuswamy’s classification. The age-sex specific L, M, and S reference values were used to calculate height-for-age, weight-for-age, and weight for height Z scores. The boys with Z-scores -2 to -3 were classified as stunting, underweight and wasting. Similarly, the boys with Z-scores less than -3 were classified from severely stunted, severely underweight, and severely wasted. In North-East India, particularly among the Bodo community, limited studies were done on the prevalence of undernutrition. Results of the present study revealed to have 68.58% healthy and 31.42% undernourished respondents. The prevalence of undernutrition was found to be 10.20% stunting, 8.57% underweight, and 8.16% wasting. The study also found that 2.04%, 0.82%, and 1.63% were severely stunted, severely underweight, and severely wasted, respectively.