Socio-Economic Characteristics of the Singphos and Wanchos, the Less Known Tribes of Arunachal Pradesh, India

Tribals in India in general live in an area that is characterized by rich natural resources like forest, land, water, biodiversity, and minerals. It would not be an exaggeration to state that poverty, misery, and deprivation continue to persist among tribals of India. This study presents the socio-economic profile of the Singpho and Wancho tribal populations of North Eastern India, which is less studied. Socio-economic characteristics of households, wealth, education and occupation have long been known to be major determinants of educational enrolment and achievement in both developing and developed countries. In the last decade, India had made remarkable progress in getting children into school. Education empowers people and improves their ability to communicate, argue, and choose in informed ways. When literacy is calculated by excluding the population below 6 years of age it is observed that 84.2% of the Singphos and 44.9% of the Wanchos are literate. The Singpho and Wancho tribe of Arunachal Pradesh are one of the major scheduled tribes with distinct socio-economic and demographic characteristics. Singphos are mainly distributed in the Changlang and Lohit districts and Wanchos are mainly distributed in the Longding District of Arunachal Pradesh. The average annual income of both the communities is very low. The percentage of female workers is higher in both the communities. It is found that the literacy rate is much higher among the Singphos than among the Wanchos. The percentage of the working population is higher among the Singphos than among the Wanchos.