The Origins of Collegiate Education in Kerala and the Dynamics of Community Power Balance

This paper examines the origin of collegiate education in Kerala, India. More specifically, it looks at local conditions that aided the development of collegiate education. The term “Kerala” refers to the south Indian region that includes the modern state as well as historical entities such as the Kingdom of Travancore, the Kingdom of Cochin, Zamorin’s Calicut, and the Madras Presidency, among others. The European concept and practise of higher education based on the Renaissance and Enlightenment are used to discuss what is now known as “college.” Postcolonial education in this region is traced to European ideals brought to the east by merchants, missionaries, and colonisers during their expeditions and endeavours. Political, religious, and social change have also been considered in this study.