A Study to Assess the Cardiovascular Disease Related Risk Factors among the Rural and Urban Populations of West Bengal, India

The present study is an attempt to envisage the various cardiovascular diseases risk factors among the rural and urban population of West Bengal. A total number of 224 participants (rural – 93; urban -131) aged 20 to 70 years were apparently selected to participate in the study. Significant difference (p < 0.05) was observed in physical activity, consumption of oil, consumption of fruits and overall and central adiposity variables between the rural and urban participants of both sexes. A significant association of behavioural risk factors with CVDs was observed. The age-specific mean difference was statistically significant (p < 0.001) among the participants. Significant difference was observed between the menopausal and the non-menopausal women. CVDs, a major public health challenge, require identification and implementation of proper health programmes at the grass root.