An Anthropological Impact Assessment on Flood Induced Displacement: A Case study in Dhemaji Development Block, District Dhemaji, Assam

Floods have a significant negative social, economic and environmental impact on both individuals and communities. The results of floods, both negative and positive, differ greatly depending on the placement and amount of flooding. Global data from a previous couple of decades shows that the number of displaced people by natural disasters is on the increase. In India, the North-Eastern region, especially Assam, is liable to natural disasters like earthquakes, floods, landslides, occasional droughts, etc. Among them, floods are the most common natural disaster that causes displacement every year in Assam. In this backdrop, the present study is an attempt to make an assessment of flood-induced displacement among the people residing in flood-prone areas of the Dhemaji Development Block, Dhemaji District, Assam. A total of 195 respondents were included in the study. The study mainly focuses on the reasons, types as well as problems faced by the displaced people in the Dhemaji District. Due to the effects of flooding, the majority (53.84%) of respondents were displaced from their usual place of residence. They were displaced mainly due to two reasons: silt deposition (13.84%) and soil erosion (28.20%) in their habitat. Among them, temporary displacement (35.89%) is very more common than that of permanent displacement(7.94%).