Anthropometric assessment of nutritional status among underprivileged children aged 6-12 years in Umariya Dadar and Rigwar Village, Kota, Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh

Adequate nutritional status is perhaps best defined as the maintenance of a normal growth pattern and body composition through the consumption of appropriate amounts and types of food. The present Cross-sectional study has been carried out among underprivileged children aged 6-12 years in adopted gram panchayats of Kota block, Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh. Two villages randomly selected for the study are Rigwar and Umaria-dadar village of Kota block. Total 201 children i.e., 125 Boys and 76 girls are measured for their nutritional status. For evaluating the nutritional status, body mass index (BMI; kg/m2) was computed following standard equation as BMI = weight (kg)/height (m2). There were no significant sex difference in mean weight, height and BMI of the studied children. The data shows the positive increase in the mean value of height, weight and BMI with the increasing age but it is not significant. There is a significant age difference in mean weight (F=113.85; Sig.=0.000), mean height (F=46.02; Sig.=0.000) and mean BMI (F=18.45; Sig.=0.000). The prevalence of undernutrition (CED-III, CED-II, CED-I) is found to be highest among the boys (64%) than girls (39.4%). In this study a significant relation is found between sex and overall prevalence of nutritional status (x2=14.393; df= 5; Sig.= 0.013). Therefore, studies related to health and nutritional status of children in Chhattisgarh should be conducted, so that proper programs and policies can be framed and implemented for reducing the problems of child undernutrition.