Awareness of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) among the Females of Manipur, Northeast India

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common endocrine disorders leading to poor fertility in women of reproductive age. The prevalence of PCO is on the increase worldwide. It could be because of lack of awareness of PCOS as the disorder is heterogeneous. Moreover, unawareness of PCOS may delay diagnosis leading to long-term reproductive health and metabolic complications. Therefore, an attempt was made to assess the knowledge and attitude of PCOS among the female population of Manipur, North East India. A cross-sectional online survey was conducted on females aged 18-44 using an online structured questionnaire. Most of the participants (57.62%) were unaware of PCOS. Ten percent of the respondents self-reported that they were already diagnosed with PCOS. The finding signifies a high prevalence rate of PCOS in the state. Although, most of the self-reported already diagnosed with PCOS (55.56%) were not well aware of PCOS. The results highlight the high prevalence of PCOS in the studied population. Effective methods of raising awareness and education about PCOS in young age groups would help contribute toward early diagnosis and prevention from the disorder and reduce the risk for many long-term health related complications.