Food habits and body adiposity among the adolescents of Manipur

Increased exposure and consumption of a broader range of foods, primarily Western foods, have resulted in Obesity, overweight, and other diet-related non-communicable diseases, which have become a major public health concern. The study aims to assess the risk factors of food habits associated to body adiposity among the adolescents of Manipur. 728 adolescents (470 boys and 258 girls) were recruited. Height, weight, waist circumference was measured to the nearest 0.5 unit, as per standard protocol. The dietary intake of the participants was assessed using a questionnaire. Body adiposity was measured by Body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and waist-height ratio (WHtR). Obesity, overweight, and underweight prevalence rates are 5.5%, 10.0%, and 5.5%, respectively. 10.6% and 16.8% of adolescents are at risk for central obesity as per waist circumference and waist-height ratio, respectively. Obesity and overweight affects both sexes. Consumption of junk foods, oil-rich foods, non-veg consumption, and milk consumption is significantly associated with body adiposity measures. Widespread fast-food restaurants and eating establishments in every nook and cranny of Manipur make junk food readily available to children. Such widespread lifestyle changes in Manipur raise the alarm about the risk of childhood obesity.