Impact of Age and Sex on Self-esteem among Visually and Locomotor Disabled Adolescents in Manipur

Self-esteem is the summary judgement on one’s personal value, system and standards as self-worth, self-respect, self-acceptance, self-regard, self-feeling and self-evaluation. It is a component of personality and relationship between one’s real life and ideal life. Studies of age and sex difference on self-esteem during the onset of adolescence are important for understanding human psychology and behaviour. This study investigates self-esteem levels, impact of age and sex on self-esteem among visually and locomotor disabled adolescents in Manipur. This study was done on the randomly selected 60 visually and 60 locomotor disabled adolescents aged 12-19 years; from institutions at Imphal East and West Districts of Manipur. Data were collected using Sorensen Self-esteem Test (2006) to assess the self-esteem among disabled adolescents. The data were analysed with SPSS (Version 25.0). Descriptive statistics – mean, standard deviation, percentage and chi-square test were adopted and tested the hypotheses. Result showed that majority of the disabled adolescents had moderately low self-esteem. There was no significant difference on self-esteem among disabled adolescents having the mean score of visually disabled 18.12 with standard deviation 7.52 and for locomotor disabled adolescents was 16.57 with standard deviation 7.01,‘t’ value 1.17 with p-value 0.245 > 0.05 level of significance. Results showed that there was no impact of sex on self-esteem among the disabled adolescent boys and girls as ‘t’ value 0.700 with ‘p’-value 0.486 > 0.05 level of significance and there was impact of age on self-esteem among younger group and older group adolescent as ‘t’-test value 2.059 with ‘p’-value 0.049<.0.05.