Prevalence of overweight/obesity among the Tamang adolescent boys and girls of Pakyong sub-division of East District, Sikkim

Obesity in children and adolescent is becoming a main public health problem in many developing countries. Good nutrition with an adequate, well balanced diet combined with regular physical activity is a corner stone of good health. The Present study was conducted to examine the prevalence of overweight/obesity and its determining factors. The data was collected from 71 adolescent girls and 63 adolescent boys aged between 13 to 19 years through random sampling method from Pakyong sub-division of East district of Sikkim, Northeast India. Z-score of BMI for age and sex was used for assessing overweight/obesity. The prevalence of overweight/obesity was 25.39 percent and 23.94 percent among the adolescent boys and girls respectively. The frequency of overweight/obesity among boys (44.44%) and girls (53.33%) was found significantly higher in high income family. The frequency of overweight/obesity was 67.19 percent among girls and 52.94 percent among boys who eat non-vegetables over four times per week. The study indicates that family income, parents’ occupation, physical activity and overall lifestyles are important in determining the prevalence of overweight/obesity in the study population. Awareness is required in rural areas with regards to basic knowledge about health, exercise and basic nutrition for the wellbeing of individual as well as population.