The quality of antenatal care received by the Kabui Naga women of the Tamenglong district of Manipur, India and its impact on their infant and child mortality: A cross-sectional study

This paper deals with the status of antenatal care received by the Kabui Naga women of the Tamenglong district, Manipur and its impact on fertility and infant and child mortality. For this study, a cross-sectional method was adopted using purposive sampling. Data on antenatal care and health of the children were collected from a total of 434 ever-married women aged 15-49 years by using Interview Schedule. All data were managed and analyzed using SPSS 16 software by setting the level of significance at 5%. The Kabui Naga women of the Tamenglong district seldom visit health centers for the ANC check-ups due to their lack of awareness about its importance during pregnancy. The present study reveals that certain bio-social factors like improving women’s education, health care practices and socio-economic status play a significant role in lowering fertility as well as infant and child mortality. Among all the independent factors considered, maternal age is significantly associated with ANC attendance. Further, in this population feeding of colostrums to the new born is found very common (97.21%). Among all the immunizations considered, the coverage of polio vaccine shows the highest followed by BCG and then measles and whooping cough respectively.