Anthropometry Based Nutritional Status among the Adult Birhors: A Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group (Pvtg) of Purulia District, West Bengal, India

The tribal population is at a higher risk of undernutrition. It which leads to different deficiency diseases and even death by decreasing body immunity. The problem of undernutrition is more severe among pvtgs. Therefore, the present paper aims to investigate the prevalence of undernutrition through the two most conventional anthropometric indicators. This cross-sectional study was conducted among 143 (68 males and 75 females) adult Birhor (pvtgs) tribal people of five Birhor villages of Purulia district, West Bengal, India. The present study’s findings revealed that the mean values of height, weight and MUAC among males were significantly higher than their counterparts. However, no significant sex difference was noticed in the mean BMI. The overall prevalence of BMI-based undernutrition was 39.72 %, and females (44.59 %) were undernourished than males (34.33 %). Whereas the overall prevalence of MUAC-based undernutrition was 32.87 %, females (40.00 %) shared more undernutrition rate than males (25.00 %). The present study revealed that this Particularly Vulnerable Trible group still suffers from undernutrition stress. Both State and Central Government agencies should take appropriate steps to reduce the burden of malnutrition among the vulnerable tribal people.