Diabetes Mellitus and Its Association with Obesity and Lifestyle Indicators among the Rural Tangkhul of Manipur

The burden of diabetes is high and increasing globally and in developing economies like India, mainly fueled by the increasing prevalence of overweight/obesity and unhealthy lifestyles. Diabetes has become one of the largest global health emergencies of this century, ranking among the ten leading causes of mortality, together with cardiovascular disease (CVD), reducing the overall quality of life. This study examines the obesity level and lifestyle indicators as the main risk factors for the development of diabetes mellitus among Tangkhul males of Manipur. A total of 350 Tangkhul males of the Ukhrul district, aged 20-80 years, were randomly sampled. A pre-designed and pre-tested schedule was used, including anthropometric measurements, clinical examinations, and lifestyle parameters. Anthropometric and blood sugar were measured following standardized procedures. Statistical methods viz., descriptive statistics and multivariate logistic regression were applied. The result shows that diabetic individuals have a higher mean BMI and fat mass compared to the non-diabetic counterpart. Logistic regression shows that overweight and obese are at higher risk of developing diabetes (OR = 13.6) as compared to the other weight categories. Lifestyle indicators such as physical activity, alcohol consumption, anxiety disorder, and meat consumption also influence diabetes differently depending on the body’s functionality and susceptibility to diseases. Therefore, there is an urgent need to educate the masses on the impact of a healthy lifestyle, as mindfulness alone can assist with these issues.