Existence of Supernatural Beings in Rituals: An Ethnographic Study of the Koch Birth Ritual of Assam

The purpose of this paper is to shed light on birth ceremonies of the Koches of Assam in their socio-cultural context. The birth ceremony is a crucial life cycle ritual that serves as a personal emblem for their folk religiosity while also carrying their collective identity. By analysing Koch’s birth ritual, the author tries to provide an anthropological explanation of supernatural creatures’ engagement in their socio-religious existence. Their folk spirituality is reflected in their ceremonies and activities. In addition, a theoretical aspect relating to Koch birth ritual (in particular) is presented. The Koch birth ritual’s various ritual phases are viewed and analysed from the perspective of the community. Koch’s birth ritual is studied to understand how much a person’s life cycle ritual has carried the religiosity of their community’s folk life.