Methodological Issues in Assessment of Mental Health in a Conflict Zone: A Case Study of Jammu and Kashmir

Based on the review of studies conducted so far, this paper attempts to critically analyze the studies conducted on people’s mental health in Jammu and Kashmir. The objective was to map the methodological issues and challenges of assessing mental health in a conflict zone to understand better the impact of violence on mental health in a protracted conflict region. It was found that standardized quantitative tools were mainly used to measure the mental health impacts and the aspect of understanding the local subjective meanings finds little mention. It has been inferred that the dominant approach to understanding trauma has been of seeing trauma as an individualized experience in isolation from the collective and shared community experience and not much focus on the background of social and historical meanings associated with such traumatic events.